Les Houches
2021 Session
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PAIRED RESONANCES
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The main idea is to study in a (possibly) model independent way scalar and vector resonances that are easier to constraint when pairproduced than when singly produced, and that then decay into pairs of SM states. The typical final state will therefore be a pair of resonances. We will list all possible allowed states and construct simplified models to describe them, giving where possible references to existing models as example of their realisation.
Considered resonances can be spin0 (scalar) or spin1 (vector), coloured or SU(3)
singlet, and a fairly simple classification can be done accordingly to their transformation under the SU(2)_L × U(1)_Y
group of the SM. Fermionic resonances (such as vectorlike quarks or leptons) are already considered elsewhere.
The main idea behind this, is that lowmass resonances decaying into jets are loosely constrained for masses below (roughly) 1 TeV, leaving open quite some space for relatively light states (compatible with Tevatron limits).
Parameterisation
We start with singlets of SU(3)_C
that are easier to describe. According to SU(2)_L × U(1)_Y
, we can have
S_\mu ~ (1,Y)
In order to couple to pairs of SM fermions, Y=0,±1
. The case Y=0
is uninteresting here, because it has only trivial gauge couplings (still it can be considered in VLQ decays). Hence, the only possibility is Y=±1
, leading to a vector with charge ±1
(singlet W').
The only vector current that can be written that preserves Lepton and Barion number couples the vector to RH quarks: g_S \bar{u}_R S_\mu \gamma^\mu d_R
Single production is model dependent and depends on g_S. It usually dominates over pair production, which might take over for small g_S values. On the other side, pair production is mediated by SM gauge interaction and from this point of view, it is rather model independent.
Signatures: jjjj
(covered), tbjj
(interesting), tbtb
(hopeless?)
Example reference: […]
S ~ (1,Y)
To be filled
D_\mu ~ (2,Y)
Perhaps the most interesting case. In order to allow for decays, Y=±1/2, therefore, the double consists of a charged state D^± and a complex neutral state D_0. However, treelevel couplings to fermions are all forbidden by lepton and barion number conservation, since they have to include a fermion doublet and a fermion singlet. Decays can be now given either via mixing with SM gauge bosons or by direct coupling to fermions via higher order operators, generated at loop level or via the Higgs boson (breaking SU(2)_L).
Need to list all possible operators
D ~ (2,Y)
To be filled
T_\mu ~ (3,Y)
As for the vector singlet, to allow decays one needs Y=0,±1
. It is only possible to couple the triplet to SM doublet fermions such as g_Tq \bar{Q_L} T_\mu \gamma^\mu Q_L
and g_Tl \bar{L_L} T_\mu \gamma^\mu L_L
. Such couplings are allowed only for Y = 0
, hence also the triplet is made of a charged state T^± and a real neutral state T_0.
Only allowed decays are
T^± → tb, jj, l^±\nu T_0 → tt, bb, jj, l^±l^\mp, \nu\nu
with constraints BR(T_0→l^±l^\mp) = BR(T0→\nu\nu)
and BR(T0→tt) = BR(T0→bb)
. However, dilepton searches probably constraint BR in leptons to be very small.
Signatures T_0T_0→jjjj, ttjj, tttt, ttbb, bbbb
, T^±T^\mp→jjjj, tbjj, tbtb
, T_0T^±→jjjj, ttjj, tbjj, bbjj, tttb, tbbb
(am I missing anything?)
Notice, the T_0T_0 case behaves exactly like the vector singlet case. However, here one can exploit the correlation with the charge state that must be present.
D ~ (3,Y)
To be filled
Discussion of June 18th, introductory blackboard:
Discussion of June 20th, whiteboard topics and tasks: